A few days later, General Sir William Robertson succeeded Lieut.-General Sir Archibald Murray as Chief of the Imperial General Staff in Whitehall. What Happened in 1916. Brusilov avoids the style of predictable narrow frontline attacks used previously, in favor of a sweeping offensive over hundreds of miles that is harder to pin down. September 1, 1916 - Romania is invaded by the newly formed Danube Army, consisting of Germans, Turks and Bulgarians under the command of German General August von Mackensen. October 8, 1916 - The German Air Force (Luftstreikrafte) is founded as various aerial fighting groups are merged. Terms of use: Private home/school non-commercial, Michael Duffy, Original Material � 2000-2009 Michael Duffy | February 21-December 18, 1916. September 25, 1916 - British and French troops renew their attacks in the Somme, capturing several villages north of the Somme River, including Thiepval, where the British successfully use tanks again. 3rd April. December 6, 1916 - Bucharest, capital of Romania, falls to the Austro-Germans. Evie seems happy. The attack is preceded by the heaviest artillery bombardment to-date by the French. google_ad_client = "pub-4298319194752627"; speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Over 1.5 million shells are fired along a 15-mile front to pulverize the intricate German trench system and to blow apart rows of barbed wire protecting the trenches. Among the injured German soldiers is Corporal Adolf Hitler, wounded by shrapnel. September 15, 1916 - The first-ever appearance of tanks on a battlefield occurs as British troops renew the Somme offensive and attack German positions along a five-mile front, advancing 2,000 yards with tank support. Four days later, the French counter-attack and halt the Germans. Following these successes, however, heavy rain turns the entire battlefield to mud, preventing effective maneuvers. His new War Cabinet immediately begins to organize the country for "total war.". August 27, 1916 - Romania declares war on the Central Powers and begins an invasion of Austria-Hungary through the Carpathian Mountains. April 18, 1916 - President Woodrow Wilson threatens to sever diplomatic ties between the United States and Germany following the sinking of the passenger ferry Sussex by a U-Boat in the … September 20, 1916 - On the Eastern Front, the Brusilov Offensive grinds to a halt. Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any December 15, 1916 - The last offensive in the Battle of Verdun begins as the French push the Germans out of Louvemont and Bezonvaux on the east bank of the Meuse River. This effectively ends Romanian resistance to the Austro-German invasion and places the country's entire agricultural and industrial resources, including the Ploesti oil fields, in German hands. Sep 2 1916 My Dear Mother Yrs of Aug 23rd & 25th & enclosures to hand. The siege of Kut Al Amara (7 December 1915 – 29 April 1916), also known as the First Battle of Kut, was the besieging of an 8,000 strong British Army garrison in the town of Kut, 160 kilometres (100 mi) south of Baghdad, by the Ottoman Army.In 1915, its population was around 6,500. Original title page of the newspaper "Excelsior" of April 13, 1916 100 Jahre 1. There, 10,000 troops skillfully commanded by General Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck prove to be an elusive but deadly target, as they are pursued by a British-led force ten times larger. There were mixed fortunes for the Allies today on page 9. This battle had started on August 6, 1916. St. Eloi by British reported. The humiliating withdrawal from the hard-won areas wrecks Russian troop morale, fueling political and social unrest in Russia. The British do not risk a pursuit and instead head home. google_ad_slot = "7673224920"; Civil War | Child February 21, 1916 - On the Western Front, the German 5th Army attacks the French 2nd Army north of the historic city of Verdun, following a nine-hour artillery bombardment. Theatre definitions: … October 24, 1916 - At Verdun, the French under General Robert Nivelle, begin an ambitious offensive designed to end the German threat there by targeting Fort Douaumont and other German-occupied sites on the east bank of the Meuse River. Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. June 4, 1916 - Four Russian armies on the Eastern Front, under their innovative new commander, General Alexei Brusilov, begin a general offensive in the southwest along a 300-mile front. Although the Germans sink 14 of the 151 British ships while losing 11 of 99 ships, the British Navy retains its dominance of the North Sea and the naval blockade of Germany will remain intact for the war's duration. November 20, 1916 - Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary dies at age 86. April 9, 1916 - The Germans attack again at Verdun, now along a 20-mile-wide front on both the east and west banks of the Meuse River. After advancing nearly 1,000 yards, the advance is halted as the Germans regroup their defenses. Dardanelles. November 13, 1916 - British troops stage a surprise attack and capture the towns of Beaumont Hamel and Beaucourt at the northern end of the Somme Front. … Two days after the U.S. Senate voted 82 to 6 to declare war against Germany, the U.S. House of Representatives endorses the declaration by a vote of 373 to 50, and America … It will end on August 17, 1916. This unsuccessful British and French offensive will last up until January 9th of 1916. General Sir Charles Monro was appointed to replace Haig in command of First Army. August 17, 1916 The Sixth Battle of the Isonzo ends. The hydrophone claimed its first U-boat victim in April 1916. KEITH & STRATHISLA DURING WW1. December 12, 1916 - Joseph Joffre resigns under pressure from his position as Commander-in-Chief of the French Army, replaced by General Robert Nivelle. At first, the Germans make rapid gains along the east bank of the Meuse River, overrunning bombed out French trenches, and capture lightly defended Fort Douaumont four days later without firing a shot. Eight days later, both objectives are taken as the French suffer heavy casualties. Forward battle cruisers from the British Grand Fleet are initially lured southward toward the German High Seas Fleet, but then turn completely around, luring the entire German fleet northward. Recapture of mine crater at The First World War spanned four years and involved many nation … Timeline - 1916. APRIL 1916 1st April [Approximate date] End of period of German mastery of the air on the Western front (see October 1st, 1915). January 1: Riots in Austria-Hungary forced down the price of grain and flour as set by the … Primary Source WW1 Letters Home April 1916. I hope they find a little flat in Rome. This leaves only one German colony remaining in Africa, known as German East Africa. June 1, 1916 - Germans at Verdun try to continue their offensive success along the Meuse River and now attack the French on the east bank, targeting Fort Vaux and the fortification at Thiaumont. Using this creeping barrage tactic, they seize Fort Douaumont, then take Fort Vaux further east, nine days later. April 29, 1916 - In the Middle East, the five-month siege at Kut-al-Amara in Mesopotamia ends as 13,000 British and Indian soldiers, now on the verge of starvation, surrender to the Turks. The Russian attack withered after the loss of nearly a million men amid insufficient reserves. January 1916 - President Woodrow Wilson begins an effort to organize a peace conference in Europe. Both sides each suffered over 600,000 casualties during the five-month battle. Third Attempt to relieve Kut begins (see 5th and March 8th). 9. The Gas Attacks at Hulluch were two German cloud gas attacks on British troops during World War I, from 27–29 April 1916, near the village of Hulluch, 1 mi north of Loos in northern France. Combined with other ground losses, the German withdrawal ends the immediate threat to Verdun and both sides now focus their efforts on battles elsewhere along the Western Front. World War II in Europe | Holocaust Timeline | Irish Potato Famine | Photo of the Week | This Month in History | History Videos | Hollywood's Best History Movies | Send Feedback ], Copyright © 2009 The History Battle of the Somme The Germans under Chief of the General Staff, Erich Falkenhayn, seek to "bleed" the French Army to death by targeting the cherished city. May 15, 1916 - Austrian troops attack Italian mountain positions in the Trentino. As a comparison, in the five months of the Battle of the Somme of 1916 the RFC had suffered 576 casualties. The Germans used poison gas which was the first effective use of gas in the war. (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in The entire nation of France now rallies behind their troops in the defense of Verdun as French generals vow it will not be taken. clips, other electronic files or materials from The History Place. April 18, 1916 - President Woodrow Wilson threatens to sever diplomatic ties between the United States and Germany following the sinking of the passenger ferry Sussex by a U-Boat in the English Channel. As they get near, the British blast away at the German forward ships. Valid XHTML | Battle of Verdun: Germans Using poisonous phosgene gas at the start of the attack, they initially take the village of Fleury just two miles north of Verdun, but further advance southward is halted by a strong French counter-attack. March 18, 1916 - On the Eastern Front, the Russians oblige a French request to wage an offensive to divert German resources from Verdun. Youth | Timeline of Apr 21 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork … WW1 April 1916. The Austro-German 9th Army then invades Romania and heads toward Bucharest. A later version perfected by the Americans could detect U-boats up to 25 miles away. Labor in America 1908-1912, John I see … The Germans now push onward toward a ridge that overlooks Verdun and edge toward the Meuse bridges. April 7, 1916 (Friday) A fire during an amateur benefit concert for soldiers at the Garrick Theatre in London killed eight young girls when their costumes were ignited. May 25, 1916 - The era of the all-volunteer British Army ends as universal conscription takes effect requiring all eligible British men between the ages of 19 and 40 to report, excluding men working in agriculture, mining or the railroads. However, the Germans, aware they are outgunned by the larger British fleet, disengage by abruptly turning away. Adolf Hitler. July 1, 1916 - The British Army suffers the worst single-day death toll in its history as 18,800 soldiers are killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. F. Kennedy Photo History | Vietnam Political, etc. August 27, 1916 Austro-Romanian fronts. It ought to be much easier now, no foreigners there. November 18, 1916 - The Battle of the Somme ends upon the first snowfall as the British and French decide to cease the offensive. Since its launch in early June, four Russian armies under the command of General Alexei Brusilov had swept eastward up to 60 miles deep along a 300-mile front while capturing 350,000 Austro-Hungarian troops. July 1-November 18, 1916. On This Day - 17 April 1916. May 31, 1916 - The main German and British naval fleets clash in the Battle of Jutland in the North Sea, as both sides try, but fail, to score a decisive victory. Greco-Bulgarian frontier Place™ All Rights Reserved. British Commander Douglas Haig believes this will allow an unhindered infantry advance and a rapid breakthrough of the German Front on the first day of battle. Original Titelseite der französischenTageszeitung "Excelsior" vom 13.April 1916. By now, the Germans have been pushed back just a few miles along the entire 15-mile front, but the major breakthrough the Allies had planned never occurred. Whilst Russia was glorying in the capture of Trebizond from the Turks and the French … Both sides claim victory. NEXT SECTION - World War I 1917 - The Rage of Men /* 468x60, created 12/24/09 */ First World War.com - On This Day - 9 April 1916 On This Day - 9 April 1916 Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great … He is succeeded by Archduke Charles who wants to take Austria-Hungary out of the war. This time they gain the advantage and within three days capture the two French hills they had been striving for since early March, thus achieving a solid position northwest of Verdun. Two days later, the British once again penetrate the German line and advance to High Wood but are then pushed back. June 22, 1916 - Germans resume their offensive near Verdun, targeting Fort Souville which overlooks the city and the Meuse bridges. November 7, 1916 - American voters re-elect President Woodrow Wilson who had campaigned on the slogan, "He kept us out of war.". Realizing their distress, the Germans pull four divisions from Verdun and send them east. Although the Russians greatly outnumber the Germans in the northern sector of the Eastern Front, their poorly coordinated offensive around Vilna and at Lake Naroch is swiftly defeated by the Germans with 70,000 Russian casualties. Aircraft Carriers. The British also attack in broad daylight, advancing in lines shoulder-to-shoulder only to be systematically mowed down by German machine-gunners. Battle of Verdun Adolf Hitler | Triumph But in response to Wilson, the Germans call off the U-Boats. August 28, 1916 - Kaiser Wilhelm appoints Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg as Germany's new Chief of the General Staff, replacing Erich Falkenhayn following the disappointment at Verdun and recent setbacks on the Eastern Front. Battle location: France. google_ad_height = 60; google_ad_width = 468; May 3, 1916 - At Verdun, the Germans begin another attack on the west bank of the Meuse. Victoria Cross at Sea 1939-45 - WW2 Campaign Summary. Weltkrieg 1914 / … August 29, 1916 - Germany's entire economy is placed under the Hindenburg Plan allowing the military to exercise dictatorial-style powers to control the labor force, munitions production, food distribution and most aspects of daily life. … Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. On 27 April 1916, at 5 am, German forces emptied 3,800 cylinders containing a mixture of chlorine and phosgene gas and a favourable wind blew the cloud into the British trenches. October 10, 1916 - Romanian troops return home after being pushed out of Hungary by two Austro-German armies. Timeline of April 1916 Unloading road building material from a train at Reninghelst near Ypres, April 1916. The History Place - World War I Index Page, [ The History Place February 18, 1916 - In West Africa, the German colony of Cameroon falls to the French and British following 17 months of fighting. SS Libau Sets Sail April 9, 1916; Easter Proclamation of 1916 April 24, 1916; Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties July 1, 1916; 1st Use of Tanks in War September 15, 1916 December 7, 1916 - LLoyd George becomes Britain's new Prime Minister. August 28, 1916 - Italy declares war on Germany, thus expanding the scope of its military activities beyond the Italian-Austrian Front. The Romanians face little opposition initially and advance 50 miles into Transylvania. Entries for other months of the war are listed in the sidebar to the right. gain footing on Hill 295, but fail in attack on 12-mile front west of Meuse. August 6, 1916 The Sixth Battle of the Isonzo begins. April 25: The Gallipoli Campaign begins. The Germans return fire and the two fleets fire furiously at each other. July 10, 1916 - The Germans attack again at Verdun, using poison gas, and advance toward Fort Souville. The Somme offensive quickly becomes a battle of attrition as British and French troops make marginal gains against the Germans but repeatedly fail to break through the entire Front as planned. closed to passenger traffic, mails for Bulgaria and Turkey continue. HMS Drake, armoured cruiser (Navy Photos, click to enlarge) on to May 1916 . , Saturday, 22 August, 2009 British attack on main Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and The largest-ever surrender by the British Army comes after four failed attempts by British relief troops to break through to the surrounded garrison. An early spring thaw also turns the entire battlefield into mud, hampering offensive maneuvers. Saturday 1 The Banffshire Herald reported that a second Volunteer Aid Detachment had been formed in Keith. In the dead of the night the Germans withdraw entirely. non-Internet re-usage only is allowed of any text, graphics, photos, audio Verdun has now become a battle of attrition for both sides with a death toll already approaching 500,000 men. The attack marked the beginning of a new U-Boat campaign around the British Isles. The disposition of the Battalion … But by the end of summer, the Germans brought in 24 divisions from the Western Front and placed the surviving Austro-Hungarian troops under German command. Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and 13th (Service) Battalion Middlesex Regiment - war diary 1 - 6 Apr 1916 Trenches 136-140 MESSINES Battalion relieved 9th R. Sussex on night of 30/1st. Daily Telegraph April 19 1916. July 13, 1916 - The British launch a night attack against German positions along a 3.5-mile portion of the Somme Front. December 18, 1916 - President Woodrow Wilson caps off a year-long effort to organize a peace conference in Europe by asking the combatants to outline their peace terms. However, the German offensive soon stalls as the French rush in massive reinforcements and strengthen their defenses, under the new command of Henri Petain, who is determined to save Verdun. June 24, 1916 - The Allies begin a week-long artillery bombardment of German defensive positions on the Somme River in northern France, in preparation for a major British-led offensive. military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired). The Italians withdraw southward, forcing the Austrians to stretch their supply lines over the difficult terrain. The American entry into World War I came in April 1917, after more than two and a half years of efforts by President Woodrow Wilson to keep the United States out of the war.. Apart from an … World War 1 - Casualty Lists of the Royal Navy and Dominion Navies Researched & compiled by Don Kindell. Laing, seedsman, Newmill, … Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Additionally, French infantry use an effective new tactic in which they slowly advance in stages, step-by-step behind encroaching waves of artillery fire. The arrival of Italian reinforcements and a successful counter-attack then halts the Austrian offensive completely. The losses come as 13 attacking divisions encounter German defenses that are still intact despite the seven-day bombardment designed to knock them out. Main Page | American Revolution | Abraham Lincoln | U.S. By the end of summer, the Germans will send 20 more divisions and merge the surviving Austro-Hungarian troops into the Germany Army. April 22 - 25: The Second Battle of Ypres is fought in western Belgium. This battle will last until November 13, 1916. Labor in America 1908-1912 | John 1,000,000 casualties. F. Kennedy Photo History, The Rise of War | The Rise of World War I was fought from 1914 to 1918. The British-developed tanks feature two small side-cannons and four machine-guns, operated by an eight-man crew. Following the surrender of the garrison on 29 April 1916… `` Excelsior '' vom 13.April 1916 Austro-Hungarian troops into the Germany Army political and internal in! Start of a new U-Boat Campaign around the British launch a night attack against German positions along a portion! Positions along a 3.5-mile portion of the war. `` the difficult terrain age. Imperial … WW1 April 1916 in date, ship/unit & name order events, birthdays!, April 1916, click to enlarge ) on to may 1916 I was fought from 1914 1918! Attack again at Verdun, using poison gas which was the First effective of! Among the injured German soldiers is Corporal Adolf Hitler, wounded by shrapnel to 25 miles away 3.5-mile portion the! 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