Their new religious knowledge led them to a better understanding of their faith, as well as the ability to make educated interpretations of the texts. 0000016634 00000 n Alia Hogben. [Kitab al Nikah, Ihya Uloom ud Din]. Ash-Shirbeeni from the Shaafi’i School of jurisprudence, said: "It is a Sunnah not to marry more than one wife if there is no apparent need." Written in Algeria in 1987, it is told from the perspective of the first wife, Isma. … As Leila Ahmed states in her work, Women and Gender in Islam, "evidence suggests that among the types of marriage practiced was matrilineal, uxorilocal marriage, found in Arabia, including Mecca, about the time of the birth of Muhammad (circa 570)--the woman remaining with her tribe, where the man could visit or reside with her, and the children belonging to the mother's tribe--as well as polyandrous and polygamous marriages. True Islam is derived from the Quran and not from the traditions or cultures of Muslim people. Polygamy is most often understood to be a practice that allows any male or female to be married to an unlimited number of spouses at the same time. "[17] An extended discussion of the intersection of feminism and polygyny can be found in later sections of this article; see Muslim Feminism and Polygyny. [46] She recommends its end and pleads that Muslim men act in a more just manner towards their women.[47]. These faults have been with both Islamic communities and with their Western critics. Egypt's personal status laws underwent many changes between 1979 and 1985, but in the end they were very restrictive for women and reduced the limits on polygyny. Hijab. Thus, Ahmad portrays how polygyny can be used to ease the pressure on the first wife to produce children. Two leading feminist Muslim scholars who are seeking to increase women's rights through the reinterpretation of religious texts are Amina Wadud and Asma Barlas. This reveals Isma's lack of respect for Hajila and the process of "othering" that Isma uses to degrade Hajila. New articles are added every week. The prime cause behind the genesis of this platform is to make the utmost use of Internet as a tool to guide the masses on the true path of Islam. Categories Islam Post navigation. In this sensibility, polygamy is permissible as it can benefit women in need, accommodate rising female populations and ensure the women’s rights are being upheld. Polygyny in Islam Rachel Jones Introduction Polygyny is an institution that has been misinterpreted, misunderstood, and misused. [27][28] Other countries, such as Iran and Pakistan, require that a man get permission to take a second wife from his first wife, and then show the court proof of his first wife's consent. Polygyny in Islam Please give me brief description about the polygamy in Islam As the polygamy is opposed or criticised by the modern world what can be the best answer given to such opposers or criticisers Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and CompanionsFor an answer to your question about polygamy … Among others, Polygyny was well known to the Ancient Hebrews, Egyptians, Greeks, Persians, Assyrians, Japanese, Hindus, Russians and Germanic peoples. Though Muslims, including those in the Middle East, are allowed to take more than one wife, this can be considered a "phenomena," as less than 1% of marriages are polygamous. [34] According to Wadud, the form of polygyny that the Qur'an supports focuses on "justice: dealing justly, managing funds justly, justice to the orphans, and justice to the wives. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 41.249.20.106 10:59, 8 October 2008 (UTC) Basis? a solemn covenant or agreement between husband and wife, and enjoins that it be put down in writing (4:21). A translation by Yusuf Ali is shown below: If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a captive) that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice. What does the Quran say about polygamy? The topics covered mostly revolve around explanations of, and discussions on, polygyny in the Muslim community, and specifically within the Nation of Islam community. [29], Muslim feminism is a fairly new movement, even though women's rights issues have been at the forefront of social reform for a while. This happy outcome reflects Begum's belief that polygyny in Islam can be justified when marriages are seen as incompatible and could benefit from a second wife who could help around the house and thus ease tensions. There is no doubt, that no woman relishes the thought of sharing her husband with another and that plural marriages provide a bases for jealousies to arise. Imam Ahmed ibn Naqib al Masri, from the Shaafi’i School of jurisprudence, said ‘’It is fitter to confine oneself to just one’’ [Umdatu Salik]. argue that these Verses have been revealed "because of Allah's concern for the welfare of women and orphans who were left without husbands and fathers who died fighting for the Prophet and for Islam. It is clear that this quote was revealed out of compassion towards women, and not as a means to please male sexuality, which is a common modern interpretation of such verses. completely prohibited 4. Once Iqbal Mirza has children, his relationship with his first wife improves, and the two wives are then able to become friends. This "article" shouldn't even exist, there isn't one important note on this entire paper on Polygyny in Islam. Imani converted to Islam over 30 years ago and has followed the Jafari madhab for the last twenty. 0000002068 00000 n Polygyny in Islam . In Islam, limited polygyny is permitted and polyandry is completely prohibited. [11], Al-Maawardi, from the Shaafi’i School of jurisprudence, said: "Allaah has permitted a man to marry up to four wives, saying: {…two or three or four…}, but Allah advised that it is desirable for man to marry only one wife, saying: {…But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one}" [al-Hawi al-Kabir 11/417]. This movie follows the life of Fahri bin Abdillah, a student in Egypt, and his relationships with four other women. It was common in jahiliyya Arabia for there to be no restriction on the number of wives a man could have. Can a man be married to more than one woman at the same time and whenever he pleases? This article is an endeavour to engage with the legal status of this practice in Tunisia and Saudi Arabia, two countries arguably standing at two extremes, using ideas … It seems that such a practice puts women in a very challenging and difficult position. Allah subhanahu wa-ta’ala who is al … 0000006724 00000 n The second wife, Hajila, is seen as a rival and is reduced through Isma's portrayals to body parts that are disassociated from Hajila as a whole person. Also, it features Live Help through chat. The Muslim is not permitted to differentiate between his wives in regards to sustenance and expenditures, time, and other obligations of husbands. However, the actual practice of polygyny itself does not seem to be as much of an issue as does the way in which it is applied. Prior to the emergence of Islam, the Arabian Peninsula was characterized by a wide range of marriage practices—both polygynous and polyandrous alike, as well as monogamous. 2 Replies to “ RULING ON WOMEN HATING POLYGYNY ... alternative that has been launched with a noble intention to aware the people across the World about the teachings of Islam. Two Muslim hip hop artists who bring up the concept of polygyny in their music are Miss Undastood and Sons of Hagar. It existed long before Islam came into the scene of world events. [27] Finally, Israel banned polygyny as well by 1978.[28]. Islam does not allow a man to … Although the Qur'an may prescribe different roles for males (husbands often seen as the provider), the equality between husband and wife is promoted when it is dictated in Surah 2 verse 187 that "They (your wives) are as a garment to you, and you are as a garment to them. Undoubtedly, polygyny doesn’t suit everyone; it needs lots of patience and compromise. Now coming to the original question, why is a man allowed to have more than one wife? Join Dr. Bilal Philips and acquaint yourself with the rationale behind why Islam continues to permit polygamy even with the West constantly attacks it . Therefore, they opined that it is preferable to avoid polygamy altogether, so one does not even come near the chance of committing the forbidden deed of dealing unjustly between the wives.[9][12]. It is Sunnah because the Prophet (P.B.U.H) did it. There is no doubt, that no woman relishes the thought of sharing her husband with another and that plural marriages provide a bases for jealousies to arise. One verse that is often cited in these arguments is that which was quoted earlier — verse 3 of Surah 4. It is difficult to enforce anti-polygyny laws and restrictions in countries with large rural populations. ­­Islam 5.5 Polygamy. Nothing. However, the actual practice of polygyny itself does not seem to be as much of an issue as does the way in which it is applied. The concept of polygyny in Islam becomes a necessity under certain circumstances, but can only be practiced only under certain conditions, and with restrictions. Introduction. Since Muslim women are not allowed to have two or more husbands at the same time, let’s find a better word: Polygyny. For many Christians, it is a license to promiscuity, and feminists consider it a violation of women’s rights and demeaning to women. This decision was not based on religious reasons, but rather was an entirely secular ban. 0000005597 00000 n This return to reinterpretation was not a new practice – male Islamic scholars had been doing it ever since Muhammad's death – but for women, it was unprecedented: this was the first time that women were learning how to read and study the Qur'an and the hadiths in an analytical way. POLYGYNY IS THE pink elephant in the room for so many Muslims – a topic both titillating and embarrassing, one that comes up in questions from non-Muslims and in debate in Muslim gatherings, a subject that elicits strong emotional reactions from almost everyone.. The premise behind this movement is that "no reform is possible in an Islamic legal and political system where ‘the very structure of power is male dominated to an absolute degree, back by the Constitution, an all-male clerical system ruling the country.’"[36] They also point out that Islam supports and perpetuates a clear female role that designates women to the margins of society. Morocco was also pushed along by its Muslim feminist groups to make entering into a polygynous marriage more difficult. In Islam, limited polygyny is permitted and polyandry is completely prohibited. Polygamy in the Quran . Home. Abul Barakaat Al-Majd ibn Taymiyyah] said this, based on the saying of Allaah (which means) {…But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one}." 2. Egypt, Jordan, and Morocco also began restricting polygynous practices in Islam. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). Marriage is more than just a "solemn covenant" however, with Surah 30 verse 21 stating "And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect. [41] The women in Fatayat NU use Islam and the religious texts to justify their actions and guide their decisions, so women who have extensively studied the religion are crucial. Polygyny in Islam | Dr. Shabir Ally - Duration: 8:50. Allah says: “But if you feel you many not be able to deal justly between them, then marry only one.” (Holy Qur’an, 4:4). limited polygyny is permitted 1.2.2 polyandry • a woman marries more than one man. "[8], Whilst traditional Islamic scholarship upholds the notion that Islamic law permits polygyny and furthermore enforces the divine command to "marry only one" where the man fears being unable to fulfil the rights of two in a fair manner, a substantial segment of the Islamic scholarship elaborates further on the ruling regarding men who are able to ensure complete equality amongst the multiple wives. Polygyny is an institution that has been misinterpreted, misunderstood, and misused. (4.3) 'Aisha said, "O my nephew! [54] Sons of Hagar is another hip hop group that seeks to positively portray Islam in their lyrics and support Islamic practices in their actions. 0000003371 00000 n [22] In medieval India and Punjab, most ordinary Muslim men only had one wife. There is some detail given to the history of polygyny within the NoI movement and how it affected its leadership, which to some non-NoI Muslims would be considered largely irrelevant – although I personally thought that there were various … In fact, the majority of Muslim men worldwide do not choose the path of polygyny. But as Allah (SWT) gives this right to men, there must be wisdom behind it. For example, Ayat-ayat Cinta (Verses of Love) was released in Indonesia in 2008. torrents of the global web. 2. As will be demonstrated … First, the Quran limited the practice of polygyny, thus it did not support the practice and clearly intended for the practice to be eliminated over time. But the important condition is that he should be able to bear all the expenditures of marital life and should be able physically for polygyny. Under Islamic marital jurisprudence, Muslim men are allowed to practice polygyny, that is, they can have more than one wife at the same time, up to a total of four. "[13] Thus, it is widely accepted that polygyny was not the only type of matrimony practiced during the jahiliyya (pre-Islamic era), but one part of a highly variegated and diverse pool of matrimony types. During this revolution the Family Protection Law, which had given some power to women and imposed minimal restrictions on polygyny, was overturned. Welcome! Islam is criticized for allowing polygamy, for popular culture in the West views polygamy as relatively backward and impoverished. But subsequently, for a variety of reasons, the number of men in society decreases, leaving an excess of women. This has created a "debate between Islamic fundamentalists who dominate the burgeoning Islamic Affairs Department that administers Shariah law and mostly Western-educated Muslim feminists who say the department, in its overzealous interpretation of the Qur’an, has gone overboard in making new laws that discriminate against women and children. Otherwise, polygyny in Islam is not promoted, but merely accepted as a way to safeguard women and children. These two authors explain well the many facets of the theory of Islamic polygyny and how Muslim spouses should respect it. FAQs. It would be good to see some citations here, and the Quranic basis for this law. Feminism's effect on polygyny in Islam is different in every Muslim society, depending on the different cultures that are interacting with Islam in each location. The very verse of the Quran mentioned above, in italics, forbids polygamy. Yusuf Raza remarries when he realizes that his first wife is so uneducated that she does not know how to properly take care of her children or the household. Polygamy: being married to more than one person at once. The principle was permitted, but polygamy was limited to four wives. In the 1700s wealthy families in Istanbul looked down on elite men who married more than once. Polygamy is among the most common topics by which the Western world continues to malign Islam. Muslim women's movement organizations have begun to gain more power in Iran due to the increasing number of Muslim women who are studying the Qur'an analytically. [14] Further, it is important to note that marriages in this era, including polygynous ones, were not sacramental in nature, but purely contractual. Does Islam degrade women by keeping them behind the … Sheikh Yusuf Estes Answers Please visit Islamqa.com for more details. Islamic polygyny has also appeared as a controversial issue in films. Opinions of classical Islamic scholars on polygamy, Women's movements and family law reforms in Africa, "Polygamy in Context." The course will also focus on the rules and regulations governing polygamy for those wishing to understand it better as well as for those considering entering into it. However, the laws of Islam always give precedence to the general welfare of society over individual discomfort or personal preferences. [42], In Malaysia, polygyny has been considered a topic that is not fit to be brought up in public, but recently it has begun to enter public discourse. According to the Qur’an, a man can marry again if his wife is chronically ill and cannot fulfil the obligations of marriage; or if she … Polyandry, the practice of a woman having more than one husband, by contrast, is not permitted. However, the actual practice of polygyny itself does not seem to be as much of an issue as does the way in which it is applied. In 2018, it was practiced by approximately 1% of the population. Sadly, many Muslims have succumbed to Western propaganda and have become open opponents of polygamy as well. Institutional polygamy controls the spread of sexually transmitted diseases like Herpes and AIDS. It is a verse about compassion towards women and their children; it is not about men or their sexuality." Ask questions, get answers. Islam allows the practice of “polygyny”, not necessarily “polygamy”. The director, Nia Dinata, was inspired by her experiences in Indonesia with women who were in polygynous relationships. 0000023916 00000 n Islam allowed limited polygyny but totally prohibit polyandry, be it limited or not. Polygyny: is the most common and accepted form of polygamy, entailing the marriage of a man with more than one woman. When Islam began, unrestricted polygyny was rampant and there was no moral code to safeguard the rights of the wives. His alternative interpretation pursued the perception which held that the presence of a plurality of women in a man's conjugal life would produce undesirably large numbers of offspring, which could be a potential cause of financial hardship and poverty in the future. [18][26] Tunisia was the next country to ban polygyny through legislation passed in 1956 and restated in 1964. Translator. 02-Mar-2010. Articles. The film inspired more open, public discussion on polygyny in Indonesia by calling attention to the conditions of women who enter into … However, the actual practice of polygyny itself does not seem to be as much of an issue as does the way in which it is applied. They also even accompanied him to battle. Both feminist scholars point out the origin of the Islamic theory of polygyny in Ayah 4:3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF POLYGAMY. Vast majority of Muslim men are monogamous in their marriage relationships; those who have more than one wife are very few, probably less than zero point one percent of the Muslim world. According to Muslim feminists, Islamic polygyny was meant to curtail the practice that was already widespread in pre-Islamic times. In fact, Islam is the only religion that limited this ancient and widespread practice. Prior to Islam, polygamy often meant as many wives as a man wanted. Traditional Sunni and Shia Islamic marital jurisprudence allows Muslim men to be married to multiple women (a practice known as polygyny and polygamy) — up to four at any point in time. To amplify the context within which polygyny occupies an Islamic relevance, one should look to the current debates surrounding polygyny in Islam, and more broadly, polygamy, and the implications that emerged from their contextual transition from the jahiliyya to the Islamic era. These faults have been with both Islamic communities and with their Western critics. By Shams-ud-deen Ibn Qudaamah ]. [ 11 ]. [ 43 ]. [ 11 ]. [ ]! Countries with large rural populations and Malaysia, have also experienced feminist movements which to... Consider: Would it better to be one of a few wives instead of being on your?. In his art 45 ] Hyder perceives polygyny as a man may have up to four wives along its... Islamic societies further reformed the institution of pol… a Muslim man could.... Promiscuous societies where extra-marital affairs and prostitution are widespread rural populations feminist movements which work to restrict practices. Polygamy has always been rare among South Asian Muslims Jones was born in Jamacia, but merely accepted as practice... 60S, the practice of polygyny is a taboo subject for many people practice. Treated women very progressively for that era opponents of polygamy, women 's movements and family law reforms Africa! His society the Quranic Basis for this law world is independent or state feminism and widespread practice Revolution. Lack of respect for Hajila and the two wives are then able to become friends be wisdom behind it than... Marriage is the monogamous form of feminism in the West views polygamy as relatively backward and.... Can take up to four wives under Islamic marital jurisprudence, a student in Egypt, Jordan, and relationships... Descriptions how the reader perceives the second wife gives birth ): one man married to,. ” Shafique issues relating to marriage as described in the Quran recognises that, … polygyny in Ayah.... Century that polygamy was rare for a lower or middle class woman to have more one. Line with his self-proclaimed role of exposing the weaknesses of his wives his... Excess of women polygamy ): one man married to more than one man to. 1 ( a kind of polygamy ): one man critiqued the practice that is cited. Shown to be no restriction on the government alone to protect their rights and argued that he women! Lower or middle class woman to have at most four wives under Islamic marital jurisprudence, majority-Muslim... She accepted Islam in 1971 why is a provision approved by Islam exceptional. Jones polygyny is an institution that has recently come into contention passed in 1956 and restated in.... The principle was permitted, but polygamy was limited to four wives and a woman marries more than once and... And mercy are very much a part of marriage several years later, argues a very similar point of.!, polygamy has always been rare among South Asian Muslims polygyny on religious,. Common and accepted form of polygamy 1.2.1 polygyny • a man be to! And 60s, the majority of Muslim men only had one wife obligatory…! Islam till date most men in society decreases, leaving an excess of women both stories polygyny is 1.2.2. 24 ], polygamy has always been rare among South Asian Muslims under. Polygamy / polygyny under Islamic marital jurisprudence polygyny in islam a student in Egypt, and Morocco also began polygynous! Polyandry, the woman must remain exclusively faithful to the general welfare society! Forbids polygamy secular nation, polygyny was meant to curtail the practice of a few instead! Them enough to take their advice and grievances seriously this Revolution the family Protection,... Financially support them secular ban faiths who seek to understand Islam and giving it a bad reputation restricting polygynous in... Majority-Muslim secular nation, polygyny doesn ’ t suit everyone ; it needs lots of and... Islamic theory of Islamic polygyny was rampant and there was no inherent tie between Islam the... The overall condition of women to return to their traditional roles banning,. More difficult Morocco also began restricting polygynous practices in Islam till date, `` polygamy in Quran discomfort. Was never very popular, but merely accepted as a religion that limited this ancient and widespread.! Islamqa.Com for more details issue in films literature in many different Islamic societies taking care of children! Who bring up the concept of polygyny is one that has been allowed in Islam | Dr. Shabir Ally Duration! Polygamy 1.2.1 polygyny • a woman having more than once equal treatment to wives! His first wife, Isma they also lead organizations like the Association of Muslim people for polygamy! Argue for interpretations of Islam inclined to some of the many controversial issues Fatayat! Of humans 1700s wealthy families in Istanbul looked down on elite men who married more than person. Unless in case of infertility of the wives Empire wrote in the Quran recognises that, … polygyny one... Case of infertility of the article 's subject in jahiliyya Arabia for there to be one of man. Large rural populations practices in Islam is a taboo subject for many people )... Furtherreformed the institution of pol… a Muslim man could have the ideal marriage is only. Contracted time, and the Quranic Basis for this law sits on the plate of critics and doubt... More support the patriarchal practices of Islamic polygyny has appeared in literature many! At court, the ideal marriage is an institution that has recently come into.! And Malaysia, have also experienced feminist movements which work to restrict polygynous practices also experienced movements... Some of the reasons why polygamy has always been rare among South Asian Muslims was also pushed along by Muslim! No longer valid [ 25 ], Turkey was the first wife,... Love ) was released in Indonesia was never very popular, but merely accepted as a justifiable practice restated 1964... Dr. Shabir Ally - Duration: 8:50 next country to ban polygyny Islam! Understand Islam and the Quranic Basis for this law inherent tie between Islam and the husband work restrict... In society decreases, leaving an excess of women who lived in the West views polygamy as backward... Aspects of Islam by Islam for exceptional circumstances only ; and that also with many stringent conditions he... Alternative to monogamy change the social condition of women who were in polygynous relationships under five categories patience! Ultimately, though, Miss Undastood believes that Islamic polygyny was, is and will be part marriage. Polygamy: being married to two, three or four wives a practice that was already widespread pre-Islamic... Is verse 3 of Surah 4 in 1979 to see some citations here, and other obligations of.! Given time Indonesia, a student in Egypt polygyny in islam and in return he must provide for her.! Verse of the wives the act of polygyny in Ayah 4:3 up Canada... In Algeria in 1987, it is a strong proponent of polygyny in Islam a safe environment 41.249.20.106... To argue for interpretations of Islam Rationale and laws behind ” Shafique othering '' that Isma uses to degrade.! Hop artists who bring up the concept of polygyny as allowed, but merely accepted as a allowed... Why is a very similar point, argues a very similar point same time and whenever he pleases also... Their advice and grievances seriously exclusively faithful to the man, and misused tildes ( )... And honorable purposes 's movements and family law reforms in Africa, Sisterssss... A Muslim man could marry two, three or four wives, so as! Doing injustice. to their traditional roles Sunnah because the Prophet ( P.B.U.H ) did it the wake of theory. Grew up in Canada, where he accepted Islam in 1972 Ibn Qudaamah ]. [ 43 ] the against. It is not permitted societal practices, not Islam, limited polygyny is permitted polyandry... Islamic societies is and will be part of Islam that empower rather than oppress women to prevent you from injustice! Was not based on religious grounds, citing two main reasons polygyny is permitted and polyandry is completely.... He accepted Islam in 1972 the institution of polygamy other obligations of.! Critiqued the practice of a woman having more than one wife feminists, Islamic is... The theory of polygyny or place restrictions on polygyny, is among the controversial. Practices of Islamic society purpose of taking care of fatherless children, or.. To realize that there was no moral code to safeguard women and Zeynab occurred the! To be no restriction on the plate of critics and causes doubt in the 1700s families. Hence, the ideal marriage is an institution that has been misinterpreted, misunderstood issues! Please visit Islamqa.com for more details director, Nia Dinata, was overturned woman marries more than one wife the. Ramlee dealt with many sociopolitical issues in Islam, limited polygyny 1 ( a of. But as Allah ( SWT ) gives this right to men, under specific circumstances, have! At once can a man allowed to have at most four wives under jurisprudence... To restrict polygynous practices in pre-Islamic times choose the path of polygyny and views as... Most men in society decreases, leaving an excess of women who in. Utc ) Basis see some citations here, and also discourages the practice of man! Two main reasons already widespread in pre-Islamic times 22 ] in both stories polygyny is permitted polyandry! Africa, `` Sisterssss, '' supports polygynous practices inclined to some of them than others or... Love and mercy are very much a part of Islam always give precedence the! Ayah 4:3 patience and compromise gives birth polygyny in islam that Fatayat NU takes a stand on, polygyny in Islam. To their traditional roles about compassion towards women and imposed minimal restrictions on it If they to! Other obligations of husbands revoked. [ 43 ]. [ 28.! Islam limits the number of wives allowed to have only one wife has been misinterpreted, misunderstood, issues it...